On 1 August 2014, Palghar became the 36th district of Maharashtra. Its history is alternate with its old district Thane. From Palghar district Jawhar, Vasai and Palghar tehsils had a golden history legacy. Vasai ( then known as Bassein ) was under the Portuguese empire. After that Chimaji Aappa captured Vasai fort from the Portuguese and embedded the Maratha flag on Vasai. Palghar was the one of the important points in 1942 of the Chalejav campaign.
Palghar is well connected via road and rail transport. Palghar acts as a divisional head of Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation. MSRTC provides direct connectivity to several towns across Maharashtra including Miraj, Pune, Vaduj, Thane, Ulhasnagar, Bhiwandi, Aurangabad, Ahmednagar, Kalyan, Alibag, Nandurbar, Bhusaval, Shirdi, and Nashik. The roads are not well developed, Since it is declared as the district, transportation needs to be good.
Palghar is an important railway station on the Western Railway line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway. Along with shuttle/Memu/EMU (local trains) services, many long distance trains also stop here.
Palghar has an urban population of 1,435,210, that is 48% of total population is living in Urbanized Area. Palghar District comprises 8 talukas. The talukas, with their populations at the 2001 and 2011 Censuses  are as follows:
City Areas & Towns under Vasai-Virar Municipal Corporation
City under VVCMC:
Virar, Nalasopara, Vasai, Navghar-Manickpur
Towns under VVMC:
Agashi, Bapne, Bhuigaon (BU), Bhuigaon (KH), Bilalpada, Bolinj, Chandansar, Chandeep, Chikhal Dongare, Chinchoti, Chobare, Dahisar, Dhaniv, Deodal, Gass, Gaskopari, Giriz, Gokhiware, Juchandra, Kaman, Kane, Khardi, Khardi, Karmale, Kasrali, Kashid Kopar, Kaular (BU), Kaular (KH), Kiravli, Kofrad, Kolhi, Koshimbe, Mandvi, Mardes, Mulgaon, Naigaon, Nale, Navale, Nirmal, Pelhar, Rajwali, Rajodi, Saloli, Sandor, Sasunavghar, Sativali, Shirgaon, Shirshad, Umela, Umrale.