India tops the list of deaths caused by road accidents. According to a data released by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways in 2013, around 1,37,576 people lost their lives in road accidents. The number translates into 380 deaths per day.
One of the misconceptions about road accidents death is that most of them happen due to sever injury and loss of blood. But reality is that most common cause of death in road accidents due to loss of oxygen supply. Most of the times it happens because airway gets blocked due to great impact and shock to body. Normally it takes less than four minutes for a blocked airway to cause death.
A study by the Indian Journal of Surgery in 2012 says 80 per cent of road accident victims in India do not receive emergency medical care within the ‘golden hour. It is very important that victims should get help in first hour after accident. First hour is very critical for any road accident victim. If medical help is provided in first hour most of the lives can be saved that is why it is called GOLDEN HOUR.
An emergency can happen at any time or at any place. An emergency is a situation demanding immediate action. The goal of this section is to introduce you to the basics of First Aid and Emergency Care that will help you recognize and respond to any emergency appropriately. Your response may help save a life.
Sometimes people simply do not recognize that an emergency has occurred. At other times, people recognize an emergency but are reluctant to act. People have various personal reasons for hesitating or not acting. The following are barriers to action; common reasons people give for not taking action.
- The presence of bystanders
- Uncertainty about the victim
- The nature of the injury or illness
- Fear of disease transmission
- Fear of not knowing what to do or of doing something wrong